Raising The Minimum Wage Will Cost 500,000 Jobs
The Show-Me Institute has talked a lot about the negative effects of raising the minimum wage. In his two policy studies for the Show-Me Institute, David Neumark found that an increase in the minimum wage likely would reduce employment among low-skilled workers. Yesterday, the non-partisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO) released a study detailing the estimated economic impact of the federal government raising the minimum wage. The CBO found that raising the minimum wage to $9 an hour would eliminate 100,000 jobs by 2016. If the minimum wage is raised to $10.10 an hour, 500,000 jobs would be lost. On the other hand, the report also found that overall real income would increase by $2 billion and between 300,000 and 900,000 people (a huge range) could be lifted out of poverty.
Helping people get out of poverty is a good thing and if these estimates are correct, an increase in the minimum wage could help do that. However, the question is, does this fact compensate for the large number of people who would lose their jobs? Possibly, but raising the minimum wage is not the only way to help combat poverty. In fact, while it might help some poor families, it also would give a pay increase to many suburban teenagers and students while costing jobs for the very people it is designed to help.
In his 2012 policy study, Neumark mentioned the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) as a possible tool to increase the incomes of low-wage workers. The CBO report found that, “To achieve any given increase in the resources of lower-income families would require a greater shift of resources in the economy if done by increasing the minimum wage than if done by increasing the EITC.” In other words, the costs associated with raising the minimum wage greatly exceed the costs of expanding the EITC. This is true because many minimum wage workers are not from low-income families. On the other hand, the EITC only goes to low-income families. Even proponents of raising the minimum wage admit that the minimum wage is a “blunt instrument” for helping low-income families. Missouri should consider establishing a state EITC alongside the federal one.
The new CBO report projects that raising the minimum wage could help some people get out of poverty at the cost of hundreds of thousands of people losing their jobs. If policymakers want a way to combat poverty, there are more effective means to doing so, including expanding the EITC.